Thirty-year mortgage rates dipped Friday by almost a tenth of a point, taking the flagship average further below 7%.
Today’s National Mortgage Rate Averages
After flirting again Thursday with the 7% threshold, 30-year mortgage rates receded Friday. Subtracting eight basis points, the 30-year average is currently down to 6.86%, which is almost three-quarters of a percentage point under last month’s 20-year high of 7.58%.
Rates on 15-year loans, meanwhile, held essentially steady Friday. Dipping just a basis point, the 15-year average is now 6.25%, and like the 30-year average, sits about three-quarters of a percentage point below its October peak. That 7.03% reading represented its highest level since 2007.
Jumbo 30-year rates were also flat Friday, holding at 5.90%. The Jumbo average is 37 basis points under the 6.27% reading of late October, which was its most expensive level in 12 years.
Friday’s refinancing rates moved very similarly to new purchase rates for 30-year and Jumbo 30-year loans, shedding nine basis points on the 30-year refi average and marking time on Jumbo 30-year rates. The 15-year average meanwhile declined seven basis points. The current cost to refinance with a fixed-rate loan is up to 58 basis points more expensive than new purchase rates.
After a historical rate plunge in August 2021, mortgage rates skyrocketed in the first half of this year. Indeed, the 30-year average’s mid-June peak of 6.38% was almost 3.5 percentage points above its summer 2021 trough of 2.89%. But the surge this fall has dramatically outdone the summer peak, with late October’s 30-year average reaching 1.2 percentage points above the June high.
The rates you see here generally won’t compare directly with teaser rates you see advertised online, since those rates are cherry-picked as the most attractive. They may involve paying points in advance, or they may be selected based on a hypothetical borrower with an ultra-high credit score or taking a smaller-than-typical loan given the value of the home.
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Lowest Mortgage Rates by State
The lowest mortgage rates available vary depending on the state where originations occur. Mortgage rates can be influenced by state-level variations in credit score, average mortgage loan term, and size, in addition to individual lenders’ varying risk management strategies.
What Causes Mortgage Rates to Rise or Fall?
Mortgage rates are determined by a complex interaction of macroeconomic and industry factors, such as the level and direction of the bond market, including 10-year Treasury yields; the Federal Reserve’s current monetary policy, especially as it relates to funding government-backed mortgages; and competition between lenders and across loan types. Because fluctuations can be caused by any number of these at once, it’s generally difficult to attribute the change to any one factor.
Macroeconomic factors have kept the mortgage market relatively low for much of this year. In particular, the Federal Reserve has been buying billions of dollars of bonds in response to the pandemic’s economic pressures, and it continues to do so. This bond-buying policy (and not the more publicized federal funds rate) is a major influencer on mortgage rates.
Since June, the Fed has been reducing its balance sheet. Identical sizable reductions occurred monthly through the summer and are being accelerated in September. This is on top of its plan to reduce new bond purchases by an increment every month, the so-called taper, which began in November.
The Fed’s rate and policy committee, called the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC), meets every six to eight weeks. Their next scheduled meeting takes place November 1-2.
The national averages cited above were calculated based on the lowest rate offered by more than 200 of the country’s top lenders, assuming a loan-to-value ratio (LTV) of 80% and an applicant with a FICO credit score in the 700–760 range. The resulting rates are representative of what customers should expect to see when receiving actual quotes from lenders based on their qualifications, which may vary from advertised teaser rates.
For our map of the best state rates, the lowest rate currently offered by a surveyed lender in that state is listed, assuming the same parameters of an 80% LTV and a credit score between 700–760.